FREEDOM OF SPEECH UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW: MYANMAR'S ANTI-COUP DEMONSTRATION VIOLENCE CASE

Yordan Gunawan, Muhammad Nur Rifqi Amirullah, Vensky Ghaniiyyu Putri Permana, Mohammad Hazyar Arumbinang


Yordan Gunawan(1*), Muhammad Nur Rifqi Amirullah(2), Vensky Ghaniiyyu Putri Permana(3), Mohammad Hazyar Arumbinang(4)

(1) Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
(2) Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
(3) Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
(4) The University of Melbourne
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The paper aims to examine the position of international law against violence committed by the Myanmar military known as Tatmadaw, against Myanmar which held anti-coup demonstrations in Myanmar. The research used the normative legal research method, with the main source of data collection of legal material containing normative law. The results showed that Myanmar is one of the countries in Southeast Asia whose government has been dominated by the military. In early 2021, the Tatmadaw staged a coup against Myanmar's President Aung San Suu Kyi. The tragedy began in the 2020 elections, in which the National Democratic League (NLD) was elected as the majority to sit in Myanmar's parliament. However, Tatmadaw could have no election results and no coup. Burmese, who did not support a coup by Myanmar's military, made a massive dip in the streets. Tatmadaw performs violent acts for action until 2019. However, from the direction of the protesters, some protesters became victims of violence by the Tatmadaw. It reflects the restrictions on the freedom of speech of the People of Myanmar. Free speech is an important right of the People of Myanmar to be part of the good Human Rights face-to-face by international law through arbitrary ministers by the Tatmadaw. The Tatmadaw's acts of violence against Myanmar violate human rights set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) in articles 19 and 29. In addition, freedom of speech is also governed by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in article 19.

Keywords


Coup; Demonstration; Tatmadaw; Freedom of Speech.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aidi, Z. (2021) ‘E-Litigation as The Amenities for The Principle of Contante Justitie Manifestation of Civil Jurisdiction In Indonesia’, JCH (Jurnal Cendekia Hukum), 6(2), pp. 206–224.

Alunaza, H. and Toy, B. A. (2019) ‘Pengaruh Militer Dalam Sistem Politik Myanmar Terhadap Diskriminasi Etnis Rohingya Pada Tahun 2017’, Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional, 15(1), pp. 27–39.

Annappa, N. (2021) ‘Ensuring Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression on Cyber Space as Against State Intervention-Indian Experience’, Revista Direitos Fundamentais & Democracia, 26(1), pp. 119–134.

Cuddy, A. (2021) ‘Myanmar coup: What is happening and why?’, BBC news. Available at: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-55902070.

Dolan, T. and Gray, S. (2014) Media and Conflict in Myanmar:. United States Institute of Peace.

Firdausi, K. (2021) ‘Study of Contract Object in Multi-Service Financing Using Ijarah in Islamic Bank’, JCH (Jurnal Cendekia Hukum), 6(2), pp. 225–238.

Gunawan, Y. (2021) Hukum Internasional: Sebuah Pendekatan Modern, Yogyakarta, LP3M UMY.

Herawati, D. M. and Nugroho, A. Y. (2021) ‘Myanmar: Surga Yang Hilang’, Promedia (Public Relation Dan Media Komunikasi), 7(1).

Iqbal, F. M. (2021) ‘Kudeta Militer Myanmar dalam Perspektif Hukum Internasional’, Jurnal Dialektika Hukum, 3(1), pp. 113–129.

Min, W. (2010) ‘Looking inside the Burmese military’, in Burma or Myanmar? The Struggle for National Identity. World Scientific, pp. 155–184.

Mudjiyanto, B. (2019) ‘Kebebasan Berekspresi dan Hoaks’, Promedia (Public Relation dan Media Komunikasi), 5(1).

Putri, A. et al. (2021) ‘Dampak Prinsip-Prinsip Dasar ASEAN Terhadap Pola Kerjasama ASEAN Menghadapi Krisis Kudeta Myanmar’, Nation State: Journal of International Studies, 4(1), pp. 117–139.

Rado, R. H. and Badilla, N. W. Y. (2021) ‘THE POLICY OF OVERCROWDING MANAGEMENT OF JAIL IN INDONESIA DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC’, JCH (Jurnal Cendekia Hukum), 6(2), pp. 289–301.

Rosana, E. (2016) ‘Negara demokrasi dan hak asasi manusia’, Jurnal Tapis: Jurnal Teropong Aspirasi Politik Islam, 12(1), pp. 37–53.

Saputra, R. P., Fahmi, F. and Triana, Y. (2021) ‘THE SOCIAL AND ENVIROMENT RESPONSIBILITY OF PLANTATION COMPANY AND OIL PALM MANUFACTURER IN SIAK DISTRICT’, JCH (Jurnal Cendekia Hukum), 6(2), pp. 252–269.

Setiawan, A. (2015) ‘Diplomatic Dilemma dan Standar Ganda Politik Amerika Serikat Terhadap Konflik Sipil-Militer Mesir Tahun 2013’, Jurnal Hubungan Internasional, 4(1), pp. 67–77.

Shecter, S. P. (2007) Freedom of Speech in the Changining World of Internet Domain Name Registration and Dispute Resolution: How the Increasing Influence of National Governments in Domain Name Policy Threatens Free Speech on the Internet, bepress Legal Series. bepress.

Susanto, M. I. (2019) ‘Kedudukan Hukum People Power dan Relevansinya dengan Hak Kebebasan Berpendapat di Indonesia’, Volksgeist: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum dan Konstitusi, 2(2), pp. 225–237.

UNESCO (2013) TOOLKIT Kebebasan Berekspresi Bagi Aktivis Informasi. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 7, place de Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France.

Wells, T. (2018) ‘Democratic ‘freedom’in Myanmar’, Asian Journal of Political Science, 26(1), pp. 1–15.

Widyawati, A. (2008) ‘Kajian Hukum Internasional Terhadap HAM’, Jurnal Pandecta, 2(2).




DOI: http://doi.org/10.33760/jch.v7i1.414

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 JCH (Jurnal Cendekia Hukum)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Published by STIH Putri Maharaja Payakumbuh

 Indexing by