IMPLEMENTATION OF SANCTIONS AGAINST THE PERFORMERS OF THE GIAM BIOSPHERE DESTROYER IN SIAK DISTRICT

Budiman S. Dalimunthe


Budiman S. Dalimunthe(1*)

(1) Universitas Lancang Kuning
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Based on Article 50 of Law Number 41 of 1999 concerning Forestry, it is regulated that everyone is prohibited from encroaching on forest areas and cutting down trees in forest areas. The enactment of Law Number 18 of 2013 concerning Prevention and Eradication of Forest Destruction has further strengthened the legal basis for forest protection in Indonesia. Based on Article 12 of Law Number 18 of 2013 concerning Prevention and Eradication of Forest Destruction, it is regulated that everyone is prohibited from cutting trees in forest areas. However, in 2017, the Riau Regional Police succeeded in uncovering a case of illegal logging that occurred inside the Giam Siak Kecil-Bukit Batu Biosphere Reserve in Siak Regency. The method used in this research is sociological law research. The application of sanctions against perpetrators of forest destruction of the Giam Biosphere in Siak Regency based on Law Number 41 of 1999 concerning Forestry and Law Number 18 of 2013 concerning Prevention and Eradication of Forest Destruction has not been optimal. The community cannot be blamed for forest encroachment and tree cutting inside the Giam Siak Kecil-Bukit Batu Biosphere Reserve in Siak Regency because the Giam Siak Kecil-Bukit Batu Biosphere Reserve before it became a state-protected biosphere reserve was where the community lived. The Giam Siak Kecil-Bukit Batu Biosphere Reserve in Siak Regency has been inhabited and managed by the community for generations to meet the needs of daily life. There are two efforts made to prevent the destruction of the Giam Siak Kecil-Bukit Batu Biosphere Reserve forest, namely preventive efforts and repressive efforts. In addition, the concept of implementing administrative sanctions as primum remedium and the principle of strict liability offered in Law Number 32 of 2009 concerning Environmental Protection and Management is part of sustainable development efforts.

Keywords


Biosphere Forest; Forest Destruction; Sanctions.

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.33760/jch.v7i2.523

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